The 16th president of the U.S., Abraham Lincoln (1809 1865) was elected as sectional tensions in the country peaked. When Confederate forces fired on Ft. Sumter, he called for 75,000 volunteers for the Union army and the Civil War began. Four years later, following his election to a second term and the defeat of the Confederacy, the president was focused on a flexible and generous reconciliation of the states; he declared in his Second Inaugural Address, with malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nations wounds . . . Unfortunately, his assassination on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, ended his plans, leading to a painful and prolonged Reconstruction. A.A. Weinman made several sculptural representations of this venerated statesman, including this bust, which is based on full figure pieces of Lincoln commissioned in 1904.