Albert Sidney Johnston
Certain mysteries about its origins surround this painting. There are indications that this portrait was done in Richmond, Virginia in September of 1861 when Johnston came to the capital to meet with Jefferson Davis. Though Kentucky-born, Johnston had was appointed to West Point from Louisiana and later rose to fame serving as secretary of war in the Republic of Texas and as a colonel in the Mexican War. As the second ranking general in the Confederate army, Johnston's fame was particularly bright in 1861, and Welch might have chosen his portrait as a "calling card" to induce the other generals to sit for him. Certainly, it would have to have been done before Johnston's death in 1862 at the Battle of Shiloh. The mystery deepened when a previously unknown portrait of Robert E. Lee, also by Welch, surfaced; like his portraits of Jackson and Johnston, the debate about whether or not it was done from life continues to engage Civil War buffs.